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Mitochondrial Membrane Potential Assays


A distinctive feature of the early stages of apoptosis is the disruption of active mitochondria, including changes in membrane potential and alterations to redox potential. JC-1 (5,5’,6,6’-tetrachloro-1,1’,3,3’-tetraethylbenzimidazolylcarbocyanine iodide) is a novel cationic carbocyanine dye. In healthy cells, JC-1 selectively accumulates in mitochondria and forms J-aggregates that exhibit red fluorescence.

In apoptotic cells with reduced mitochondria membrane potential, JC-1 exists as a monomer resulting in green fluorescence. These characteristics make JC-1 a sensitive marker for mitochondrial membrane potential.
Our JC-1 Mitochondrial Membrane Potential Detection Kit provides a quick and reliable method to detect the mitochondrial membrane potential changes in apoptotic cells using flow cytometry.


  • Simple workflow: add, incubate, and read format, no wash needed.
  • Flexibility: suitable for flow cytometry, fluorescence microscope, and plate reader.
  • Fast: results in as little as 30 minutes.

ABP Biosciences offers a selection of mitichondrial probes:

JC-1 Mitochondrial Membrane Potential Detection Kit

Mitochondrial stains

Figure 1. Detection of cell apoptosis with JC-1 Mitochondrial Membrane Potential Detection Kit. Jurkat cells treated with 10 μM camptothecin for 4 hr (right panel) or untreated (left panel). Cells were stained with JC-1 reagent, then analyzed by flow cytometry.

To order

Buy Cat.No. Product Name Ex/Em Unit Price
A048 JC-1 Mitochondrial Membrane Potential Detection Kit 514/529,590 100 assay $200